How Does A Home Loan Really Work?
Banks often publicize their housing loan interest rate, but they seldom explain the workings of a home loan. While a housing loan is not very simple to understand, it isn’t rocket science either. In this article, we try to explain the workings of a housing loan, but first, you need to understand a few key terms:
Principal of a Housing Loan
The principal of a housing loan is basically the amount borrowed and not yet repaid. For housing loans, interests are usually charged on this principal amount.
Housing Loan Interest Rate
Interest rates for housing loans in Singapore are usually quoted as a fixed rates or SIBOR + a fixed value, in case of floating interest loans. For example, a floating rate loan could be quoted as SIBOR +1.25%.
The loan tenure is simply the agreed length of a housing loan. In Singapore, homebuyers can take out housing loans with tenure of up to 35 years.
Let’s assume you’re about to take out a home loan of SGD200,000 for 30 years, at an agreed interest rate of 1.75%. We also assume for the purpose of this example, that the rate is fixed for 5 years and then its estimated to be SIBOR +0.5% and SIBOR keeps stable at 1.25% for the whole duration. (Please note that in Singapore the fixed rate is fixed only for 1st few years and thereafter is pegged to Singapore Interbank Offer Rate (SIBOR)
Home Loan Amount: SGD200,000
Interest Rate: 1.75% per year
Loan Period: 30 years
Interest and Monthly Repayment Calculation
The interest on all home loans in Singapore is calculated monthly. In this case, the 1.75% yearly would equate to a monthly instalment of $714.49. However, out of 8473.88 dollars paid in the 1st year, the interest payment in the 1st year to be $3459.11.
This rest of the payment goes into bringing down the loan principal (what you owe on your home loan).
As your home loan interest is calculated based on what your principal, the interest on your loan from the second year onwards will be slightly lower.
In calculating the monthly amount you’re required to pay, banks use a formula called an “amortisation formula”. This formula helps in calculating your monthly payment amount and works in such a way that by the time you get to your last payment (based on your agreed loan term), you would completely pay off your loan and all the due interest.
The monthly repayment amount usually remains the same for the entire term of your loan.
Love this post? Want to learn more about home loan? Check out our post on the 5 things that affect your home loan interest rate.